Inclusion International

Global Report on

Living independently and being included in the Community


Rights of People with Intellectual Disabilities: Access to Education and Employment in Estonia
Providing real access to education and employment for people with intellectual disabilities is critical to ensuring that they can live and work in the community as equal citizens. There is a strong link between education and employment: without access to adequate education, people with intellectual disabilities cannot secure meaningful employment. This denial of access leads to life-long dependency, poverty and social exclusion adding to the stigma of intellectual disability. This monitoring report focuses specifically on the areas of education and employment, because of their importance to people with intellectual disabilities and because of the existence of both international standards and national legislation that specifically address them.
Atlas: Global Resources for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities 2007
This global report includes information from 147 countries, representing 95% of the world population. The information is specifically related to terms and classification systems used for this population, policy and legislation, financing and benefits, prevention, health and social care services, human resources and training, research and information systems and roles of NGOs and international organizations. Atlas-ID findings reveal a lack of adequate policy and legislative response and a serious deficiency of services and resources allocated to the care of persons with ID globally. The situation is especially worrisome in most low and middle income countries. The lack of consensus on basic terms and classification criteria related to the ID field do not help to improve the situation.
Better health, better lives: children and young people with intellectual disabilities and their families. The case for change
This is a background paper for the conference held in Bucharest, Romania, 26-27 November 2010. This report briefly reviews the current situation of children with intellectual disabilities and their families in the WHO European Region, with particular regard to their enjoyment of their right to health. Health is closely related to well-being and several near synonyms whose basic meaning is the capacity to enjoy life. It is a resource for life and for living. The right to health is therefore closely linked to the other rights of children.

As part of their on-going strategy to investigate alternatives to institutions, the European Commission has funded this project to examine the economic and financial aspects of deinstitutionalisation, in order to make the case for alternative community based settings. These community-based settings would be designed to promote independent living to the maximum extent possible, through the provision of high quality, affordable and accessible social care and health services for people with disabilities. Previous work ("Included in Society"), explored the number of people in institutional care in 22 European and accession countries and the situation for people in four of these countries in depth. The present study is an extension of the earlier work and makes use of networks of professionals and academics throughout Europe (such as the Intellectual Disability Research Network, Mental Health Economics European Network).

Disability at a Glance: the Profile of 28 Countries in Asia and the Pacific
"Disability at a Glance: the Profile of 28 Countries in Asia and the Pacific” is a compilation of disability-related data and information from the following 28 countries and an area: five from East and North-East Asia (People’s Republic of China; Hong Kong, China; Japan; Mongolia; Republic of Korea); nine from South-East Asia (Cambodia; Indonesia; Lao PDR; Malaysia; the Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Timor Leste; Viet Nam); eight from South and South-West Asia (Afghanistan; Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; Turkey); one from the North and Central Asia (Kazakhstan); and five from the Pacific (Australia; Cook Islands; Fiji; Kiribati; Solomon Islands).

Deinstitutionalisation and Community Living Intellectual disability services in Scandinavia, Britain and the USA 
The number of people in institutions for the intellectually disabled in Britain, Scandinavia and the USA has fallen markedly over the last 25 years. Deinstitutionalization and Community Living reviews the changes that have taken place, identifies the lessons that have been learned and highlights the issues that remain to be addressed.

Access to Social Services for Person with Disabilities in the Middle East. By Handicap International and CBM.
Despite the fact that the Middle East region is characterized by diversity in politics and culture, persons with disabilities share many common issues regarding equality, inclusion and their ability to participate in society on an equal basis with non-disabled persons.  This report intends to be an introduction to some concepts and frameworks around social services for actors who are involved in their regulation (i.e., authorities, services providers and users/DPOs).  By discussion of the different roles and responsibilities of these stakeholders in the target countries of the Disability Monitor Initiative Middle East (DMI-ME), it is expected that there will be a greater understanding of how each of these actors can contribute independently and collaboratively to ensure better access to services for persons with disabilities in the region.   

Forgotten Europeans Forgotten Rights
The OHCHR and UNICEF have published a joint report documenting human rights of people placed in institutions, particularly children and violation of human rights of persons with disabilities.

Institution Watch-This is a newsletter written and produced by the People First of Canada-CACL Joint Task Force on the Right to Live in Community.

The three following articles cover similar ground and have been written by leaders in the UK and European disabled people's movement.  Their two common themes are about the ways public policy is misusing concepts like 'independent living' and the impact of austerity in the rich economies is undermining the progress made over the last generation, notwithstanding Article 19.

Disability Policy Equality Summary
Rights and Responsibilities or Cuts and Social Exclusion
How to stop the invasion on Independent Living

Priority papers, Better health, better lives: children and young people with intellectual disabilities and their families, Romania, November 2010
Protection from harm and abuse
Enable children and young people with intellectual disabilities to grow up in a family environment
Transfer care from institutions to the community
Identifying the needs of each child and young person
Ensure good quality mental and physical health care
Safeguard the health and well-being of family carers
Empower children and young people with intellectual disabilities
Build workforce capacity and commitment
Collect essential information about needs and services and assure service quality

Money, Friends and Making Ends Meet book
We are people with a learning disability who don’t get support from services and we have been doing some research about our lives so that we can share our stories about money, friends and making ends meet with other people. Part of Building Bridges Training
Many of these resources demonstrate the importance of Article 19, and how together we can make Article 19 a reality for everyone. If you have articles or research you think we should be including in our work, please share them with us by emailing them to